Joe Russell

I Watch too many films not to be in the film industry


Unit 3 LO 3.1

week 7: unit 3: career timeline



In this task, I’m going to create a general timeline and a personal timeline following through with the different directions you can go.

General timeline

Stage 1 education- In stage one, you should start at college studying a course related to media, specifically film and tv and you must study that. Later on, you would either move to stage 2 or go to university if you do go to university you could go straight to finding work which is stage 3 if its only temporary. If not it would be stage 4 which is a safe contract job.

Stage 2 apprenticeships and internships- In stage 2 which can be followed from college or university depending on the contacts you make. If you move to an internship you won’t be paid but you will gain very important experience which you can use to move onto stage 3 or 4 depending what job you get offered. However, you could also be offered a job in the company you’re doing the internship for. Apprenticeship is practically the same but you get paid to work.

Stage 3 freelance work- In freelance work it is you working for yourself. Now depending what line you went down whether it was lighting or sound it doesn’t matter because you start a company doing what you want to do you have to take out a business loan and hope to get work.

Stage 4 permanent work – When you reach a certain age and you need job security it is better to just start working for a company stably otherwise you may not get any work.

My timeline

Now- studying at canterbury college.

2 years- gap year.

3 years- apprenticeship or internship.

4 years- freelance lighting or editing.

In the background directing.

10 years- make short films occasional lighting.

20 years- big shot director.


week 5 and 7 unit 1 introduction to editing and editing skills.

My task.

In my introduction to editing I was given a series of video footage of a surfer and was told the basics on how to edit with Avid. Avid is a difficult program to operate as it is not just simply drag and drop like the other video editing software’s but instead you cut it before you even put it into your timeline. We also had to set up the file type making sure it was a 720 export on pal at 25 fps. When I first opened avid I had to make sure I was saving my file to the right place and that it is in my edit folder in my project folder. The project folder contains three different folders video, audio and edit the folders are where you store everything to make your project and where you save your project. When I got into the program there were things called bins now this was where the folders and the editing came together because these bins were where I was to store my audio and video footage for the project. As we were given the video and audio this made it easier as I didn’t have to transfer and look through the footage. Then after a while of getting used to the program I started selecting and cutting and placing coming to my final outcome which is below.



looking at my final outcome i’d say it went very well and that it is a well edited project. However I didn’t experiment as much as I should have done but I look forward to tackling that challenge in future projects. I’d also say I didn’t play around with different effects I think generally in future projects I should take more risks.


Hello Project

Communication Report

The communication method I chose was video.  The reason I chose this is because it communicates my idea of parallel worlds idea so well and if I did something like radio it just would not fit. At all but however a print would have worked but its just not the way I wanted to tackle the project as it just has stills and word’s, when I like to speak with motion and emotions I think that is the main reason why I didn’t use anything else than video and rejected all other communication methods.


Location- the location I picked for my project is Kennington this is generally because its my home area which means I wont have to travel at all. I’ve picked two spots in my local area one being my house the other being the local memorial park.untitled

This is the memorial park as you can see it is fairly small and there is a road around it so problems I could face is ambient noise. However it isn’t a busy road so I should be able to get a clear shot.

Clothing- the clothing is quite simple seeing as there is going to be two different people who is the same person there going to have to have two different costumes being only slight changes like different hats and different jumpers. just to show that there personality’s are different which actually links to my location because the two personality’s one wakes up in a bed the other wakes up on a bean bag showing ones more  of a party animal and the other is more of a straight edge dose nothing all day lives a normal life follows all the rules never dose anything bad.

Equipment- the equipment I will use is a Nikon d5200 as this is my camera so it is easily accessible the sound will be recorded on a zoom as this can be borrowed from the department as well as the tripod I’m using so all the equipment is easy to get and wont cost any money.

research evaluation

From comparing my video to my research I can see that the research has paid off quite well except from a few things like ambient noise. The ambient noise was too strong and it ended up that I couldn’t use the sound recording I had recorded, and had to use the audio from the camera which wasn’t as high quality as the audio from the zoom if the ambient sound was less.

Production diary

Monday- I was in college helping Nicole by acting in her production it took half the day I also checked if my equipment was ready to pick up for Wednesday.

Tuesday- I was supposed to be helping Nicole reshoot some shots for her production but she messaged me saying she was sick. So I filmed my first few shots at my house the bed scene and the grabbing of the hat.

Wednesday- came in to reshoot with Nicole which took about half the day I then went to collect the rest of the equipment to start filming. The previous shots were filmed using my friends tripod I then went home and my friend came round to film the two inside shots before he went to work.

Thursday- I had to work so had no time to do any of my production.

Friday-I went tot take my shots but unfortunately the lighting was way too dull and the footage I had taken was not what I wanted so we went to reshoot the next day.

Saturday I retook all the outside shots made sure they were perfect for what I needed then I had finished all I needed to do was edit the production.

cast feedback.

Cameraman Henry: “first time filming was fun found it hard at first but slowly got the hang of it.” Henry performed very well however some flaws were that he had quite shaky footage when he wasn’t using the tripod.

Soundman Bob : “I didn’t quite know what I was doing but once it was explained I was okay.” Bob performed as asked unfortunately for him the audio had too much ambient noise.

Critical Perspective Report.

My main focus was on narrative how I was telling the story of the two worlds colliding together and how I could get it perfect. At first I was focusing too much on the two character’s being In sync and I think that was my initial problem, as the two character’s couldn’t be in sync unless I filmed for a very long time which I di not have. Once I had realised this it became a lot more easier to film. The scene at the shelter was the most significant scene linked to my narrative as it is the scene when the two characters cross paths. I think it was also the hardest scene to edit as I had to use a split screen effect and when it came to colour balance it was very hard to match up as the colour kept changing due to shadows but in the end it was okay.

My other focus was on semiology because I didn’t want anything to distract the audience from the message that I’m trying to push forward. That is why I kept the production clean and plain so all the focus was on the characters and what there doing not what the surroundings were doing.

Contextuality Report

When I initially heard of the project I instantly was hooked to this idea of sync and even though I was told it may be quite hard it was what I wanted to do and I was not changing my idea.

As I said previously I did have problems with time as I wanted to make my project so perfect and in sync I wasn’t focusing enough on dead lines however I di get the footage I wanted in the end and everything was good it just wasn’t in sync or perfect like I wanted it to be another factor was money I didn’t have any budget to buy specialist equipment and had to borrow it which worked but I could have made the production  much longer and much better if I had budget to rent higher quality equipment.

final results


good points.

  1. editing work
  2. narrative
  3. camera work

I think these three things went well as they were my key focus in the production all the way threw, I was concentrating on how I was going to deliver the narrative and how I was going to do the editing on the final scene and it all turned out ok.

bad points.

  1. sound
  2. colour correction

I think these two went bad because  it was very hard to get the colour correction perfect and I think id need a lot more experience to balance it, and the sound there was just simply too much ambient noise.











unit 1: week 6: slateing

What is slateing.

You know when you watch a behind the scenes of your favourite movie and theirs that one guy who claps the board that’s slating except theirs a lot more to it that just a guy clapping a board. see slating is mainly used to sync  sound to film as when the board claps in the footage you need to match it up perfectly to when the board snaps in the audio  so you can get a perfect sync. however this is not all it dose as it can also be used for marking what scene, take and roll it is.

Sometimes you might forget to slate the scene and have to restart but there is actually a way to avoid that and still be able to sync the sound. It is called tail slating it is simply like slating accept you go in at the end with the clapper board upside down and then clap it, so when you go through your video you can still sync it.

The other one is mos with mos you don’t need to slate at all as there is no sound in mos this means you have to keep your hand inbertween the clapper and the board to indicate theirs no sound  so therefor your not clapping it.

my practical task.

my practical task was to go out take some videos using the clapper board also recording audio then syncing them together through avid editing software to see how it all works below is my results.

Reviewing my results

when watching over my videos I thought that all went well the audio and video was all synced very well there was no lag in the audio  to the video. If I had to say anything I would say that the focus on the camera is a bit off and the lighting is a bit too cold and also on the tail slate at the start you can see the mic. Other than that it went very well.




Week 4: unit 3: Job roles Cinematographer

What you have to do.

When being a cinematographer you have a lot of responsibility for example camera matainence it is your responsibility to fix your camera if anything bad happen’s to it. You also are In charge of what camera is operating  at what time. You have to be ready to create the perfect shot at all times.

How to become  cinematographer.

Starting a career in cinematography is very difficult and there is certain paths you need to go down. Step 1 would probably be get some sort of degree in photography because cinematography and photography go hand in hand in the sense of frames and setting up shots and things like that. Then I’d move on to university. University is great for your contacts as you can meet loads of intresting people in university who could benifits your career massively. Another line would be an internship this is when you and work for a company for free and gain experience also you can get characters and can lead to a job. A apprenticeship is another very similar line to go down it just means you get paid to learn and expand your contacts. After this you could start freelance work which is when you work self employed not for a company, but with cinematography it is all about your style. Director’s employ you because of your style so if the Director was picking who’s going to be in his crew for a horror movie and he watched another horror movie and loved it and you were the most behind the camera he’d want you on his film, but you’d have to start off freelancing because you would need to establish your style.

unit 1: week 4: camera

week 3: unit 3: Job role: Foley sound engineer.

How to become a sound/Foley engineer.

To become a sound engineer there is many paths you can go down and many things you can do for starters theatre work. Theatre work will gain you experience and a knowledge base on how sound works it will also build your skills up to move on to something bigger. Next theirs internships and apprenticeships this also allows you to build skills up but can also lead to permanent jobs in the TV or film studio. You can also go to university this is a very good thing to do as you get good connections for later on in life.

When looking for permanent jobs the best way to go is threw freelance work as freelance means you can literally be doing anything towards sound. So you could be a sound assistant, a sound engineer, a sound designer or a sound mixer. The advantage of freelancing is it can also lead to you being apart of the Foley sound team being a Foley engineer or a Foley designer.

My sound engineer.

I have chosen Gary Rydstrom. Gary Rydstrom is known for his work on Jurassic park (1993), Finding Nemo (2003) and Terminator 2 Judgement Day (1991). When working on Jurassic park (1993) he struggled to create all the prehistoric noises. Most of the noises came from a dog or a horse but the Velociraptors were in fact tortoises having sex. He uses his dog buster for sounds in Jurassic park and terminator as when he growls whilst playing with his toys he makes the perfect roar with added effects of course.

IMDb. 2016. Gary Rydstrom – IMDb. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 09 October 2016].

Vulture. 2016. How the Dino Sounds in Jurassic Park Were Made — Vulture. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 09 October 2016].

University courses.

Course 1 is at Aberystwyth University it is a 3 year course on TV and film studies. To apply you need a GCSE C in English. The entry fee is £9000.

Course 2 is at Anglia Ruskin University it is also a 3 year course but its on film and TV production.To apply you need a GCSE C grade in English. Entry fee is £9000.

unit 1: week 3: introduction to audio



Condenser mic- The condenser mic is a type of microphone which has a stronger signal than a dynamic they are also much much more sensitive than a dynamic mic. Therefor there much more suited for picking up more quite sounds.

Dynamic mic- Dynamic mics are more durable and need very little maintenance they also don take battery and don’t need charge and fit into most inputs. the sound pickup isn’t as sensitive as condenser but the quality is equal.

Condenser Microphones. 2016. Condenser Microphones. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 09 October 2016].

What a Microphone Does | Audio-Technica || Audio-Technica US. 2016. What a Microphone Does | Audio-Technica || Audio-Technica US. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 09 October 2016].

My practical task.

my practical task was to go out and record sounds in different places to see what i pick up on a mic in relations to the polar pattern below is my results.


sound 1 outdoor loud- For this we used a 30 degree polar pattern it is loud as we were right next to a ac unit but however it did still manage to pick up passing cars.


sound 2 indoor quite- we used a 150 degree mic for this it worked quite well as we picked up a lot of different sounds.


sound 3 outdoor quite- for outdoor quite we used a 150 degree mic it picked up sound very well from all directions including the football table.


sound 4 indoor loud- for indoor loud we use a 30 degree polar pattern as there is a lot of noise so its not very clear but it still picked up a lot.


My practical task 2.

my 2nd practical was to go out and record Foley sounds here are my results.


sound 1 footsteps – specifically footsteps on stairs.

sound 2 horse gallop

sound 3 human voice

sound 4 rain-  specifically on a window

sound 5 running water

sound 6 saw

sound 7 space ship

The noises from the Foley practical task came out very well they are all very clear and you can tell what they are. If I’ve learnt one thing from this task it is that you must have no ambient sound and that it ruins the sound you should be focusing on. The best sound is probably the rain on a window as if you close your eyes its almost as if its in front of you.

Most of the sounds were using our body so Horse gallop, human voice, space ship and  footsteps but rain was plastic bag being crinkled. Running water was water from a tap. The saw was a butter knife on a table. i think the reason we took this approach was mainly trial and error as we also tried a lot of stuff that did not work.

week 2: unit 3: Job roles: lighting

How to become a lighting engineer.

To become a lighting engineer you need to follow a career path starting with work experience. As in the film and TV world its not just about having grades you’ll also need experience in the field your going into so if you were going into lighting you’d need to do a bit of work in the lighting part of the industry. You can also go to university as not only will you learn more about lighting and gain experience you need, you’ll also make friends who can be connections in the future. This would then lead on to you either becoming a free lance, having an internship or an apprenticeship. Free lance work is completely self employed you have your own equipment and you go to the set and at the end they’ll let you go as in you don’t stay on. A internship is when you work for a company for free for the experience. An apprenticeship is very similar to an internship accept from you get paid for an apprenticeship.

What a lighting engineer dose.

A lighting engineer has a very important job they have the task of setting up a perfect lighting rig to give the best amount of light to create the perfect set. They also have to do lighting maintenance which means they have to fix any problems with the lights. Free lancers will carry there own equipment and make sure they maintenance regularly to avoid any maintenance on set.

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