Joe Russell

I Watch too many films not to be in the film industry


Unit 1 LO 1.2

week 5 and 7 unit 1 introduction to editing and editing skills.

My task.

In my introduction to editing I was given a series of video footage of a surfer and was told the basics on how to edit with Avid. Avid is a difficult program to operate as it is not just simply drag and drop like the other video editing software’s but instead you cut it before you even put it into your timeline. We also had to set up the file type making sure it was a 720 export on pal at 25 fps. When I first opened avid I had to make sure I was saving my file to the right place and that it is in my edit folder in my project folder. The project folder contains three different folders video, audio and edit the folders are where you store everything to make your project and where you save your project. When I got into the program there were things called bins now this was where the folders and the editing came together because these bins were where I was to store my audio and video footage for the project. As we were given the video and audio this made it easier as I didn’t have to transfer and look through the footage. Then after a while of getting used to the program I started selecting and cutting and placing coming to my final outcome which is below.



looking at my final outcome i’d say it went very well and that it is a well edited project. However I didn’t experiment as much as I should have done but I look forward to tackling that challenge in future projects. I’d also say I didn’t play around with different effects I think generally in future projects I should take more risks.



unit 1: week 6: slateing

What is slateing.

You know when you watch a behind the scenes of your favourite movie and theirs that one guy who claps the board that’s slating except theirs a lot more to it that just a guy clapping a board. see slating is mainly used to sync  sound to film as when the board claps in the footage you need to match it up perfectly to when the board snaps in the audio  so you can get a perfect sync. however this is not all it dose as it can also be used for marking what scene, take and roll it is.

Sometimes you might forget to slate the scene and have to restart but there is actually a way to avoid that and still be able to sync the sound. It is called tail slating it is simply like slating accept you go in at the end with the clapper board upside down and then clap it, so when you go through your video you can still sync it.

The other one is mos with mos you don’t need to slate at all as there is no sound in mos this means you have to keep your hand inbertween the clapper and the board to indicate theirs no sound  so therefor your not clapping it.

my practical task.

my practical task was to go out take some videos using the clapper board also recording audio then syncing them together through avid editing software to see how it all works below is my results.

Reviewing my results

when watching over my videos I thought that all went well the audio and video was all synced very well there was no lag in the audio  to the video. If I had to say anything I would say that the focus on the camera is a bit off and the lighting is a bit too cold and also on the tail slate at the start you can see the mic. Other than that it went very well.




unit 1: week 4: camera

unit 1: week 3: introduction to audio



Condenser mic- The condenser mic is a type of microphone which has a stronger signal than a dynamic they are also much much more sensitive than a dynamic mic. Therefor there much more suited for picking up more quite sounds.

Dynamic mic- Dynamic mics are more durable and need very little maintenance they also don take battery and don’t need charge and fit into most inputs. the sound pickup isn’t as sensitive as condenser but the quality is equal.

Condenser Microphones. 2016. Condenser Microphones. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 09 October 2016].

What a Microphone Does | Audio-Technica || Audio-Technica US. 2016. What a Microphone Does | Audio-Technica || Audio-Technica US. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 09 October 2016].

My practical task.

my practical task was to go out and record sounds in different places to see what i pick up on a mic in relations to the polar pattern below is my results.


sound 1 outdoor loud- For this we used a 30 degree polar pattern it is loud as we were right next to a ac unit but however it did still manage to pick up passing cars.


sound 2 indoor quite- we used a 150 degree mic for this it worked quite well as we picked up a lot of different sounds.


sound 3 outdoor quite- for outdoor quite we used a 150 degree mic it picked up sound very well from all directions including the football table.


sound 4 indoor loud- for indoor loud we use a 30 degree polar pattern as there is a lot of noise so its not very clear but it still picked up a lot.


My practical task 2.

my 2nd practical was to go out and record Foley sounds here are my results.


sound 1 footsteps – specifically footsteps on stairs.

sound 2 horse gallop

sound 3 human voice

sound 4 rain-  specifically on a window

sound 5 running water

sound 6 saw

sound 7 space ship

The noises from the Foley practical task came out very well they are all very clear and you can tell what they are. If I’ve learnt one thing from this task it is that you must have no ambient sound and that it ruins the sound you should be focusing on. The best sound is probably the rain on a window as if you close your eyes its almost as if its in front of you.

Most of the sounds were using our body so Horse gallop, human voice, space ship and  footsteps but rain was plastic bag being crinkled. Running water was water from a tap. The saw was a butter knife on a table. i think the reason we took this approach was mainly trial and error as we also tried a lot of stuff that did not work.

Week 2: w/c 29.9: unit 1: lighting


What is white balance.

whit balance is a setting where you can adjust the colour to make it warmer or colder. It can be used to neutralise colours in a day to make it look normal it can also be used to make one day look like another so you can use it to make a warm day look cold or a cold day look warm.

What is colour temperature.

Different colours have different temperatures we use the kelvin scale to define this. Orange reds and yellows are all warmer colour when blues and greens are colder colours. We use cold colours to neutralise warm colours, and warm colours to neutralise cold colours.


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From the set of pictures I have taken I can instantly notice the changes of colour. Some of them will be very neutral when others are very blue the changes are most apparent in the pictures taken in a out door environment. I’ve also noticed that the most blue images are florescent and tungsten the day was already grey so accept from neutralising it it probably enhanced the colours. From analysing my pictures I have made the decision that shade created the best balance for both outdoor and indoor taking pictures of the outdoors, and that cloudy was the best for my indoor photos. I learnt from this task that you can not just take a picture in any balance you actually have to work out the best way to balance the colours to make the most out of the lighting.

3 point lighting.

3 point lighting is when you have 3 lights all pointing at one subject. The first light is called the key light this gives the main amount of light it will light up the side of the subject its pointing at but still leaves shadows. So we use another light this one is called the fill light this usually goes the opposite side to the the key light and is way less intense and is usually dull it is simply to fill in the shadows so there not completely black.The last light is called the back light or the hair light this is placed behind the subject and is used to make highlights round the edge of some parts of the subject.

For my practical task we were given a reflector to go out and use the natural light  to test out the effects of lighting here are the pictures we took.



Silver reflector


Black reflector


white reflector_mg_5981gold reflector


As we can see from the results it wasn’t as successful as expected however the day was very dull so the lighting was not great at all. From analysing my results I can see that gold reflector worked the best as you can see the tint along my face. The rest of the pictures are very dull and plain and I don’t think worked at all.

Week 1. unit 1: framing and composition


In are lesson in framing skills we learnt about all of the framing angles and different types of shots and then we were sent out to test the different frames and angles here are the results.


This is known  as the ES or the establishing shot it is used to show the setting and what its like and to generate the general atmosphere.



This is known as the EC or extreme close up it is used to show emotions In peoples faces or to emphasise an object.


This is known as the LS or long shot it is used to get a full grip of what the character looks like.


This is known as the CU or close up this so you can see a detailed close up on the characters face so you can see his emotions or just what he looks like.


This known as the DA or dutch angle this an obscure angle of the character used to create a tense moment.


This is known as LAS or a low angle shot is used to show power in the character presented.

img_4729This is the MLS or medium long shot is used to bring you closer to the character but leaves room for other things like more character’s.


The MCU or medium close up shot is used to show the characters face and the emotions he’s feeling but also leaves enough room to add props in to explain the character a bit more.




Punch Drunk Love (2002) Directed by Paul Thomas Anderson [Film]. Place of distribution: new line cinema.

This is an example of leading lines. Leading lines are used to draw attention to a subject in a film this example uses the hallway to point to the character walking down it.



The Social Network (2010) Directed by David Fincher [Film]. Place of distribution: Columbia pictures.

This is an example of depth of field. Depth of field is used to emphasise a certain object or character and give them a significant importance.


Moonrise Kingdom (2012) Directed by Wes Anderson [film]. place of distribution: Indian paintbrush

This is an example of Symmetry. Symmetry is used to create order to the set in such away that it brings focus to more than one object/character.


The Shawshank Redemption (1994) Directed by Frank Darabont  [film]. place of distribution: castle rock entertainment

This is an example of depth. Depth is used to show a certain object of importance but also showing some information in the background.


Se7en (1995) Directed by David Fincher [film]. place of distribution: cecchi gori pictures.

This is an example of rule of thirds it is used to position the most important objects along certain lines in the scene.

Here are some of my own examples of composition.

IMG_5802.JPG Depth I applied it by having the main subject in the fore ground and stuff happening in the back ground creating depth.

IMG_5803.JPG symmetry I applied this by having my two main subjects placed in symmetry.

IMG_5805.JPG Natural framing I applied this by capturing a picture of the main subject threw the arm of the bench.

IMG_5814.JPG Rule of thirds I applied this by having the main subject on the line of the rule of thirds.

img_5815 Leading lines I applied this by having the lines of the wall pointing to the subject.

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